Cannabigerol, or CBG, is making some big waves in the U.S. However, CBG is a bit of a newcomer on the legal cannabinoid scene. The compound, which is found in high quantity in hemp plants, seems similar enough to other cannabinoids on the surface. It has many similar effects to its cousin, CBD. However, there are a few interesting facts about CBG that set it apart from other cannabinoids like CBD or THC. While many of those effects are still being investigated, CBG is starting to look like it may be an even more revolutionary compound than its cannabinoid cousin, CBD.
What Is CBG?
CBG, is a cannabinoid found in hemp and cannabis plants. CBG is a compound that effects the endocannabinoid system, similar to CBD or THC. The endocannabinoid system plays a part in many bodily functions. These include stress response and inflammation. However, CBG is non-intoxicating. Therefore, CBG won’t make you feel “high” like THC does. Instead, it gives many of the same benefits as CBD.
Cannabis and hemp plants produce CBG before their flowering cycle is complete. This typically happens around week six of an eight-week flower cycle. CBG is actually a precursor to both CBD and THC. This means that under the right circumstances, plants will create enzymes to break down their CBG. This usually happens because of light and heat. In this way, CBG breaks down to form all the other cannabinoids in a plant.
Effects of CBG
CBG affects the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system. THC and CBD also affect these same receptors. These receptors control stress response and inflammation, and are found in all vertebrates. The endocannabinoid system has even been linked to severe diseases like Parkinson’s or Huntington’s disease. CBG’s ability to affect the CB1 and CB2 receptors means that it may be able to help treat these diseases. In fact, CBG was shown to help protect the neurons of mice with Huntington’s disease in one experiment.
The endocannabinoid system also affects things like homeostasis and eye structures. This is why cannabinoids may be effective at treating issues like glaucoma. In addition, cannabinoids like CBG can help those who suffer from insomnia get a better night’s rest. CBG has also been shown to slow the growth of some types of cancer in animals.
In addition, CBG may be able to treat everything from problems with appetite to chronic pain. The compound’s anti-inflammatory properties have made it popular among those suffering from arthritis. It also may be useful as an antibacterial agent.
Italian scientists have shown that CBG is an effective anti-inflammatory agent. Their research shows that CBG can be effective at treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD is an incurable disease that can cause diarrhea, fever and fatigue, and abdominal pain and cramping. The disease can cause complications that may even kill those who suffer from it.
Where Does CBG Come From
CBG primarily comes from cannabis and hemp plants that are not fully developed. CBG is a precursor to THC and CBD. When a plant matures, CBG turns into THC and CBD. As a result, some cannabis growers have been selectively breeding their strains of hemp. This has led to new strains that are high in CBG. For example, a Dutch medical cannabis company has bred its own CBG-heavy strain, Bediol.
CBG promises to be one of the most interesting trends in the emerging hemp and CBD industries. While CBD may have been the breakout hit of 2019, expect to see CBG in more headlines as 2020 rolls around.